Anil Biswas

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Date of Birth : 7 July 1914
Birthname : 31 May 2003

Mini Biography :
Anil Biswas was born in 1914 in Barisal, now in Bangladesh. Being a talented tabla player, he worked initially in amateur theatre as a child singer. His student days saw him becoming a political activist, going to jail repeatedly as he associated himself with terrorist insurgency movements in Bengal.

He received early musical assignments from Kazi Nazrul Islam at the Megaphone Gramaphone Company. Followed several Calcutta Theatre Stage Productions notably at the Rangmahal Theatre where he scored the music and did some acting as well. He moved to Bombay in 1934 where he was first employed at the Eastern art Syndicate. He then joined Sagar Movietone and then its successor National studio from 1940 – 1942 wherein he gave the music for three outstanding Mehboob Khan films – Aurat (1940), Bahen (1941) and Roti (1942). His recitative prose songs in the last mentioned film helped give the film its parable dimension and came close to an indigenous Brechtian mode. He then shifted to Bombay Talkies where he worked from 1942 – 46.

His biggest success at Bombay Talkies was Kismet, coming the following year. The film itself was a tremendous success running for over three years at Calcutta. A lost and found crime drama, one of the major reasons for its success was Anilda’s evergreen musical score. By now trained singers were entering the Film Industry giving Music Directors opportunities to try out newer sounds. The songs in Kismet be it the patriotic Door Hato O Duniyawalon Hindustan Humaara hai or the sad Ghar Ghar Mein Diwaali or the soothing lullaby Dheere Dheere Aa sees. Anilda make splendid use of Amirbai Karnataki’s full-throated voice. The last named song, a duet with Ashok Kumar, often had Anilda jokingly comment that perhaps it was the only song that Dadamoni sang in tune! Some other films that Anilda gave music for at Bombay Talkies include Dilip Kumar’s maiden film Jwar Bhatta (1944) and Milan (1946).


Filmography :

As Composer :

  1. Chhoti Chhoti Baatein (1965)
  2. Sautela Bhai (1962)
  3. Angulimala (1960)
  4. Char Dil Char Raahein (1959)
  5. Sanskar (1958)
  6. Abhimaan (1957)
  7. Pardesi (1957)
  8. Heer (1956)
  9. Paisa Hi Paisa (1956)
  10. Dev Anand in Goa (Alias Farar) (1955)
  11. Du-janay (1955)
  12. Jalti Nishani (1955)
  13. Jasoos (1955)
  14. Maan (1954)
  15. Mahatma Kabir (1954)
  16. Naaz (1954)
  17. Waris (1954)
  18. Akash (1953)
  19. Dil-E-Nadan (1953)
  20. Fareb (1953)
  21. Jallianwalla Baag Ki Jyoti (1953)
  22. Mehmaan (1953)
  23. Rahi (1953)
  24. Do Raha (1952)
  25. Aaram (1951)
  26. Do Sitare (1951)
  27. Tarana (1951)
  28. Arzoo (1950)
  29. Beqasoor (1950)
  30. Girls’ School (1949)
  31. Jeet (1949)
  32. Ladli (1949)
  33. Anokha Pyar (1948)
  34. Gajre (1948)
  35. Veena (1948)
  36. Pahali Nazar (1945)
  37. Jwar Bhata (1944)
  38. Hamari Baat (1943)
  39. Kismet (1943)
  40. Jawani (1942)
  41. Vijay (1942)
  42. Aasra (1941)
  43. Bahen (1941)
  44. Alibaba (1940/I)
  45. Aurat (1940)
  46. Pooja (1940)
  47. Ek Hi Raasta (1939)
  48. Jeevan Saathi (1939)
  49. Abhilasha (1938)
  50. Dynamite (1938)
  51. Gramophone Singer (1938)
  52. Hum Tum Aur Woh (1938)
  53. Teen Sau Din Ke Baad (1938)
  54. Watan (1938)
  55. Gentleman Daku (1937)
  56. Jagirdar (1937)
  57. Kokila (1937)
  58. Mahageet (1937)
  59. Prem Bandhan (1936)
  60. Sher Ka Panja (1936)
  61. Dharma Ki Devi (1935)

As Music Department :

  1. Arzoo (1950) (playback singer)

As Soundtrack:

  1. Aaram (1951) (music: “Ae Jaan-E-Jigar”)
  2. Anokha Pyar (1948) (music: “Jeevan Sapna Toot Gaya”)
  3. Pahali Nazar (1945) (“Dil Jalta Hai”)

As Actor :

  1. Ladli (1949)

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