K. L. Saigal

Kundan Lal (K.L.) Saigal (April 11, 1904 – January 18, 1947) was an Indian singer and actor who is considered the first superstar of Bollywood, the Hindi film industry centered in Bombay, but at his time in Calcutta.

Kundan Lal was born at Nawa Shahar in Punjab. His ancestors came from the city of Jalandhar in Punjab. Kundan was the fourth-born child of five and his formal schooling was brief and uneventful. Saigal dropped out of school and started earning money by working as a railway timekeeper. Later, he worked as a typewriter salesman for the Remington Typewriter Company, which allowed him to tour several parts of India.

His travels brought him to Lahore where he befriended Meharchand Jain (who later went on to start the Assam Soap Factory in Shillong) at the Anarkali Bazaar. Meharchand and Kundan remained friends when they both moved to Calcutta and had many a mehfil-e-mushaira. In those days Kundan was a budding singer and Meharchand encouraged him to pursue his talent. Kundan Lal often remarked that he was what he was because of Meharchand’s encouragement and early support .He also briefly worked as a hotel manager. Meanwhile, his passion for singing continued and became more intense with the passage of time.

Actor:

1. Parwana (1947)
2. Shahjahan (1946) …. Sohail
3. Kurukshetra (1945)
4. Tadbir (1945) …. Kanhaiyalal
5. Meri Bahen (1944) …. Ramesh
6. Tansen (1943) (as Saigal) …. Tansen
7. Bhakta Surdas (1942)
8. Lagan (1941) …. Composer
9. Parichay (1941) …. Composer
10. Zindagi (1940) …. Ratan
11. Desher Mati (1938) …. Ashok
12. Dharti Mata (1938) …. Ashok
13. Dushman (1938) …. Mohan
14. Jiban Maran (1938) …. Mohan
15. Street Singer (1938/I) …. Bhulwa
16. Street Singer (1938/II) …. Bhalwa
17. Badi Bahen (1937) …. Prakash
18. Didi (1937) (as Kundan Lal Saigal) …. Prakash
19. Devdas (1936) …. Devdas
20. Pujarin (1936) …. Jibananda
21. Devdas (1935) …. Guest at Chandramukhi’s house
22. Karwane Hayat (1935)
23. Chandidas (1934) …. Chandidas
24. Roop Lekha (1934) …. Arup in the Hindi version
25. Puran Bhagat (1933)
26. Rajrani Meera (1933)
27. Yahudi Ki Ladki (1933) …. Prince Marcus
28. Mohabbat Ke Aansu (1932)
29. Subha Ka Sitara (1932)
30. Zinda Laash (1932)

Music Department:

1 . Parwana (1947) (playback singer: “Us Mast Nazar Pe Padi”, “Mohabbat Mein Kabhi”, “Toot Gaye Sab Sapne Mere” and “Jeene Ki Dhang”)
2. Shahjahan (1946) (playback singer: “Gham Diye Mustaqil”, “Kar Luiya Chalkar”, “Aye Dil -E- Beqarar Jhoom”, “Chaah Barbaad Karegi” and “Jab Dil Hi Toot Gaya”)
3. Kurukshetra (1945) (playback singer: “Kidhar Hai Tu Aye Meri Tamanna”, “Aayi Hai Tu To”, “Tu Aa Gayi Dil Ki Tamanna”, “Mohabbat Ke Gul Haye” and “Mere Sapnon Ki Rani”)
4. Tadbir (1945) (playback singer: “Janam Janam Ke”, “Hasrat -E- Khamosh Hai”, “Main Panchi Azad’, “Main Kismat Ka Mara Bhagwan”, “Garibon Ki Duniya” and “Milne Ka Din Aa Gaya”)
5. Meri Bahen (1944) (playback singer: “Chhupo Na O Pyari Sajaniya”, “Hai Kis Butt Ki Mohabbat”, “Aye Qatib -E- Taqdeer Mujhe Itnabata De” and “Do Naina Matware”)
6. Tansen (1943) (playback singer: “More Balapan Ke Saathi”, “Rum Jhum Rum Jhum Chal Tihari”, “Kahe Guman Kare Gori”, “Bina Pankh Ka Panchhi”, “Sapt. Suran Teen Gram”, “Diya Jalao” and “Baag Laga Doon Sajni”)
7. Bhakta Surdas (1942) (playback singer: “Rain Gayi Ab Huwa Savera” and “Din Se Dughnai Ho Jaaye Ratiyan” / “Rain Gayi Ab Huwa Savera”, “Din Se Dughnai Ho Jaaye Ratiyan”, “Nainheen Ko Raaha Dikha”, “Kadam Chale Aage”, “Madhukar Shyam Hamare Chor”, “Maiya Mori Main Nahin”, “Nis Din Barsaat Nain” and “Chandni Raat Aur Taare”)
8. Station Master (1942) (playback singer)
9. Lagan (1941) (playback singer: “Hat Gayi Lo Kari Ghata”, “Yeh Kaisa Anyay Daata” and “Main Sote Bhaag Jaga Doonga”)
10. Parichay (1941) (playback singer)
11. Zindagi (1940) (playback singer: “Deewana Hoon”, “Main Kya Janoo Kya Jadoo Hai”, “Jeevan Aasha Yeh Hai Meri” and “So Ja Raajkumari”)
12. Desher Mati (1938) (playback singer)
13. Dharti Mata (1938) (playback singer)
14. Dushman (1938) (playback singer: “Pyari Pyari Soorato”,
15. Jiban Maran (1938) (playback singer)
16. Street Singer (1938/I) (playback singer: “Jeevan Been Madhur” and “Babul Mora”)
17. Street Singer (1938/II) (playback singer)
18. Badi Bahen (1937) (playback singer: “Bangla Bane Nyara”, “Ek Raja Ka Beta” and “Prem Ka Hai Is Jag Mein”)
19. Didi (1937) (playback singer)
20. Devdas (1936) (playback singer)
21. Pujarin (1936) (playback singer: “Piye Jaa Aur Piye Jaa” and “Jo Beet Saki So Beet”)
22. Devdas (1935) (playback singer: “Balam Aaye Baso” and “Dukh Ke Ab Din”)
23. Karwane Hayat (1935) (playback singer: “Dil Se Teri Nigah”, “Hairat -E- Nazar Aakhir” and “Koi Preet Ki Reet Bata De”)
24. Chandidas (1934) (playback singer: “Prem Nagar Mein” and “Tadpat Beete Hain Rani”")
25. Roop Lekha (1934) (playback singer)
26. Puran Bhagat (1933) (playback singer: “Bhajoon Main To Bhav Se”, “Avsar Bheeto Jaate Prani”, “Din Neeke Beete Jaate Hain” and “Radhe Rani De Daro”)
27. Rajrani Meera (1933) (playback singer)
28. Yahudi Ki Ladki (1933) (playback singer: “Nuktacheen Hai Gham -E- Dil”, “Lag Gayi Chot Karejwa Mein”, “Lakh Sahi Ab Peeki” and “Yeh Tasarruf Allah Allah”)

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