Mukesh

mat.jpg Date of Birth 23 July 1923,

Date of Death 27 August 1976,

Birth Name Mukesh Chand Mathur

Nickname The Man with the Golden Voice

Biography :

A singer in a class of his own, Mukesh was ranked, along with Mohammad Rafi and Kishore Kumar, as one of the greatest male playback singers in Bollywood history. However, his position was unique – while Rafi was perfection incarnate and Kumar was the astonishing yodeller, Mukesh was that man in a bar who would pour you a drink and would sing you a song for friendships’ sake. His voice held a haunting, melancholic quality that could reach into your soul and move you to tears.

He was born Mukesh Chand Mathur on 22 July 1923, into a small middle-class family living in Delhi. He was first heard noticed by an actor and distant relative, Motilal, when he sang a song at his sister’s wedding. Deeply impressed, Motilal brought him to his own house in Bombay and had him groomed by the noted singer Pandit Jaganath Prasad. During this time Mukesh tried his hand at acting, but his first acting film, Nirdosh (1941/I), was a flop. However, he got his big break as a singer with Pahali Nazar (1945) – picturised on Motilal, the song became a success.

Initially, his voice did seem to be imitating K.L. Saigal, but he acquired his own style in Andaz (1949). The film, a passionate love triangle, became a runaway hit and so did all of its songs, especially the Mukesh solos. As well as launching Mukesh’s career, it created an association with the renowned Raj Kapoor that would last throughout their lives. Starting with Aag (1948) all the way through to Dharam Karam (1975), Mukesh sang for Raj Kapoor and together they produced some of the greatest film songs in Bollywood history, most notably in Awaara (1951), Shree 420 (1955), _Anadi (1959)_, _Sangam (1964)_ and Mera Naam Joker (1970).

Life was not always that good, however. Encouraged by his success as a singer, he made a few more attempts to make it as an star, and acted in two films – Mashooka (1953) and Anuraag (1956). They sadly sank at the box-office. To make matters worse, when he returned to singing he found that offers had dried up, and his financial affairs became that, unable to afford their school fees, his two children were thrown out of school!

Fortunately, he came back with a bang in Yahudi (1958), and two other hits from 1958 – Madhumati (1958) and Parvarish (1958) – put him back on top as a singer to be reckoned with. Even Sachin Dev Burman, who had not used him for a decade, composed two classic songs for him from the films _Bambai ka Babu (1960)_ and Bandini (1963). He flourished throughout the 1960s and early 1970s with soulful hit songs, most notably from Anand (1971), a classic about a dying man; Rajnigandha (1974), a middle-class love story; and Kabhi Kabhie – Love Is Life (1976), a cross-generation romance.

Filmography :

Music Department:

1. Chingaari (2006) (playback singer) (as Late Mukesh)
2. Dil Tera Aashiq (1993) (playback singer) (uncredited)
3. Phir Teri Kahani Yaad Aayee (1993) (playback singer: “Haan Deewana Hoon Main”) (uncredited)
4. Love and God (1986) (playback singer)
5. Naukri (1978) (playback singer) (as late Mukesh)
6. Satyam Shivam Sundaram: Love Sublime (1978) (playback singer) (as Late Mukesh)
7. Aahuti (1978) (playback singer)
8. Tumhari Kasam (1978) (playback singer)
9. Mukti (1977) (playback singer)
10. Immaan Dharam (1977) (playback singer)
11. Amar Akbar Anthony (1977) (playback singer) (as Late Mukesh)
12. Chandi Sona (1977) (playback singer)
13. Dharam Veer (1977) (playback singer)
14. Gayatri Mahima (1977) (playback singer)
15. Karm (1977) (playback singer)
16. Udhar Ka Sindur (1976) (playback singer) (as Late Mukesh)
17. Jaaneman (1976) (playback singer)
18. Dus Numbri (1976) (playback singer)
19. Kabhi Kabhie – Love Is Life (1976) (playback singer)
20. Aadalat (1976) (playback singer)
21. Bhadar Tara Vehata Paani (1976) (playback singer)
22. Rangila Ratan (1976) (playback singer)
23. Dharam Karam (1975) (playback singer)
24. Faraar (1975) (playback singer)
25. Dharmatma (1975) (playback singer)
26. Chhoti Si Baat (1975) (playback singer)
27. Chupke Chupke (1975) (playback singer)
28. Do Jasoos (1975) (playback singer)
29. Prem Kahani (1975) (playback singer)
30. Raftaar (1975) (playback singer)
31. Sanyasi (1975) (playback singer)
32. Umar Qaid (1975) (playback singer)
33. Phir Kab Milogi (1974) (playback singer)
34. Albeli (1974) (playback singer)
35. Apradhi (1974) (playback singer)
36. Rajnigandha (1974) (playback singer)
37. Roti Kapada Aur Makaan (1974) (playback singer)
38. Thokar (1974) (playback singer)
39. Raja Rani (1973) (playback singer)
40. Chhalia (1973) (playback singer)
41. Kahani Kismat Ki (1973) (playback singer)
42. Manchali (1973) (playback singer)
43. Samjhauta (1973) (playback singer)
44. Milap (1972) (playback singer)
45. Annadata (1972) (playback singer)
46. Be-Imaan (1972) (playback singer)
47. Ek Bar Mooskura Do (1972) (playback singer)
48. Gora Aur Kala (1972) (playback singer)
49. Raaste Kaa Patthar (1972) (playback singer)
50. Shor (1972) (playback singer)
51. Tangewala (1972) (playback singer)
52. Anand (1971) (playback singer)
53. Jal Bin Machhli Nritya Bin Bijli (1971) (playback singer)
54. Johar Mehmood in Hong Kong (1971) (playback singer)
55. Jwala (1971) (playback singer)
56. Kal Aaj Aur Kal (1971) (playback singer)
57. Man Mandir (1971) (playback singer)
58. Maryada (1971) (playback singer)
59. Mere Apne (1971) (playback singer)
60. Nadaan (1971) (playback singer)
61. Paras (1971) (playback singer)
62. Uphaar (1971) (playback singer)
63. Aansoo Aur Muskan (1970) (playback singer)
64. Chetna (1970) (playback singer)
65. Holi Ayee Re (1970) (playback singer)
66. Humjoli (1970) (playback singer)
67. Kati Patang (1970) (playback singer)
68. Mera Naam Joker (1970) (playback singer)
69. Mere Humsafar (1970) (playback singer)
70. My Love (1970) (playback singer)
71. Pehchan (1970) (playback singer)
72. Purab Aur Pachhim (1970) (playback singer: “Koi Jab Tumhara Hriday Tod De”)
73. Pushpanjali (1970) (playback singer)
74. Safar (1970) (playback singer)
75. Veer Ghatotkach (1970) (playback singer)
76. Do Raaste (1969) (playback singer)
77. ‘Sambandh’ (1969) (playback singer)
78. Anjaana (1969) (playback singer)
79. Bhai Bahen (1969) (playback singer)
80. Dharti Kahe Pukarke (1969) (playback singer)
81. Satyakam (1969) (playback singer)
82. Tamanna (1969) (playback singer)
83. Vishwas (1969) (playback singer)
84. Aabroo (1968) (playback singer)
85. Aadmi (1968) (playback singer)
86. Anokhi Raat (1968) (playback singer)
87. Duniya (1968) (playback singer)
88. Ek Raat (1968) (playback singer)
89. Juaari (1968) (playback singer)
90. Saathi (1968) (playback singer)
91. Sapnon Ka Saudagar (1968) (playback singer)
92. Saraswatichandra (1968) (playback singer)
93. Suhag Raat (1968) (playback singer)
94. Anita (1967) (playback singer)
95. Around the World (1967) (playback singer)
96. Boond Jo Ban Gayi Moti (1967) (playback singer)
97. Dil Ne Pukara (1967) (playback singer)
98. Diwana (1967) (playback singer)
99. Farz (1967) (playback singer)
100. Gunahon Ka Devta (1967) (playback singer)
101. Milan (1967) (playback singer)
102. Patthar Ke Sanam (1967) (playback singer)
103. Raat Aur Din (1967) (playback singer)
104. Raaz (1967) (playback singer)
105. Upkar (1967) (playback singer)
106. Wahan Ke Log (1967) (playback singer)
107. Devar (1966) (playback singer)
108. Dillagi (1966) (playback singer)
109. Husn Aur Ishq alias Alif Laila (1966) (playback singer)
110. Teesri Kasam (1966) (playback singer)
111. Johar-Mehmood in Goa (1965) (playback singer)
112. Himalay Ki Godh Mein (1965) (playback singer)
113. Mohabbat Isko Kahete Hain (1965) (playback singer)
114. Namaste Ji (1965) (playback singer)
115. Nishan (1965) (playback singer)
116. Poonam Ki Raat (1965) (playback singer)
117. Purnima (1965) (playback singer)
118. Saheli (1965) (playback singer)
119. Shaheed (1965) (playback singer)
120. Dulha Dulhan (1964) (playback singer)
121. Ishaara (1964) (playback singer)
122. Ji Chahta Hai (1964) (playback singer)
123. Sangam (1964/I) (playback singer: “Bhol Radha bhol, sangam ho ga ke nahin”)
124. Sant Gyaneshwar (1964) (playback singer)
125. Akeli Mat Jaiyo (1963) (playback singer)
126. Bandini (1963) (playback singer) (uncredited)
127. Begaana (1963) (playback singer)
128. Bluff Master (1963) (playback singer)
129. Dil Hi To Hai (1963) (playback singer)
130. Ek Dil Sao Afsane (1963) (playback singer)
131. Godaan (1963) (playback singer)
132. Holiday in Bombay (1963) (playback singer)
133. Kinare Kinare (1963) (playback singer) (uncredited)
134. Parasmani (1963) (playback singer)
135. Phool Bane Angarey (1963) (playback singer)
136. Aashiq (1962) (playback singer)
137. Burmah Road (1962) (playback singer)
138. Hariyali Aur Rasta (1962) (playback singer)
139. Jhoola (1962) (playback singer)
140. Mehendi Lagi Mere Hath (1962) (playback singer)
141. Neeli Aankhen (1962) (playback singer)
142. Prem Patra (1962) (playback singer) (uncredited)
143. Rakhi (1962) (playback singer)
144. Sangeet Samrat Tansen (1962) (playback singer)
145. Soorat Aur Seerat (1962) (playback singer)
146. Aas Ka Panchhi (1961) (playback singer)
147. Char Diwari (1961) (playback singer)
148. Chhaya (1961) (playback singer)
149. Hum Matwale Naujawan (1961) (playback singer)
150. Junglee (1961) (playback singer)
151. Kanch Ki Gudiya (1961) (playback singer)
152. Mem-Didi (1961) (playback singer)
153. Nazrana (1961) (playback singer)
154. Opera House (1961) (playback singer)
155. Pyaar Ka Saagar (1961) (playback singer)
156. Reshmi Rumal (1961) (playback singer)
157. Sanjog (1961) (playback singer)
158. Sasural (1961) (playback singer)
159. Zindagi Aur Khwab (1961) (playback singer)
160. Apna Ghar (1960) (playback singer)
161. Bombai Ka Babu (1960) (playback singer)
162. Chandramukhi (1960) (playback singer)
163. Chhalia (1960) (playback singer)
164. Dil Bhi Tera Hum Bhi Tere (1960) (playback singer)
165. Ek Phool Char Kaante (1960) (playback singer)
166. Honeymoon (1960) (playback singer)
167. Hum Hindustani (1960) (playback singer)
168. Jis Desh Men Ganga Behti Hai (1960) (playback singer)
169. Love in Simla (1960) (playback singer)
170. Mera Ghar Mere Bachche (1960) (playback singer)
171. Saranga (1960) (playback singer: “Lagi Tumse Lagan”, “Saranga, Teri Yaad Mein”, “Haan Diwana Hoon Main”)
172. Shriman Satyawadi (1960) (playback singer)
173. Singapore (1960) (playback singer)
174. Anari (1959) (playback singer)
175. Barkha (1959) (playback singer)
176. Bedard Zamana Kya Jane (1959) (playback singer)
177. Chhoti Bahen (1959) (playback singer)
178. Duniya Na Mane (1959) (playback singer)
179. Guest House (1959) (playback singer)
180. Kanhaiya (1959) (playback singer)
181. Madari (1959) (playback singer)
182. Maine Jeena Seekh Liya (1959) (playback singer)
183. Main Nashe Men Hoon (1959) (playback singer)
184. Pyar Ki Rahen (1959) (playback singer)
185. Ujala (1959) (playback singer)
186. Chaubees Ghante (1958) (playback singer)
187. Madhumati (1958) (playback singer) (uncredited)
188. Parvarish (1958) (playback singer)
189. Phil Subha Hogi (1958) (playback singer)
190. Yahudi (1958) (playback singer)
191. Begunah (1957) (playback singer)
192. Kath Putli (1957) (playback singer)
193. Rani Rupmati (1957) (playback singer)
194. Sharada (1957) (playback singer)
195. Anuraag (1956) (playback singer)
196. Jagte Raho (1956) (playback singer)
197. Raj Hath (1956) (playback singer)
198. Shree 420 (1955) (playback singer)
199. Chandni Chowk (1954) (playback singer)
200. Aah (1953) (playback singer)
201. Thokar (1953) (playback singer)
202. Shisham (1952) (playback singer)
203. Aaram (1951) (playback singer)
204. Afsana (1951) (playback singer)
205. Awaara (1951) (playback singer)
206. Badal (1951) (playback singer)
207. Bedardi (1951) (playback singer)
208. Humlog (1951) (playback singer)
209. Malhar (1951) (playback singer)
210. Pyar Ki Baaten (1951) (playback singer)
211. Aankhen (1950) (playback singer)
212. Bawre Nain (1950) (playback singer)
213. Beqasoor (1950) (playback singer)
214. Hamari Beti (1950) (playback singer)
215. Barsaat (1949) (playback singer) (uncredited)
216. Andaz (1949) (playback singer) (uncredited)
217. Sunehre Din (1949) (playback singer)
218. Aag (1948) (playback singer)
219. Anokha Pyar (1948) (playback singer)
220. Anokhi Ada (1948) (playback singer)
221. Mela (1948) (playback singer) (uncredited)
222. Vidya (1948) (playback singer)
223. Pahali Nazar (1945) (playback singer)
224. Geet (1944) (playback singer)
225. Nirdosh (1941/I) (playback singer)

Soundtrack:

1. Chingaari (2006) (performer: “Ramaiya Vasta Vaiya”)
2. American Desi (2001) (performer: “Mera Joota Hai Japani Yeh Patloon Inglistaani”)
3. Side Streets (1998) (performer: “Chan Chal Sheetal Nirmal Komal”)
4. Mississippi Masala (1991) (performer: “Mera Joota Hai Japani”)
5. Satyam Shivam Sundaram: Love Sublime (1978) (performer: “Chanchal Sheetal Nirmal Komal”)
6. Amar Akbar Anthony (1977) (performer: “Humko Tumse”)
7. Kabhi Kabhie – Love Is Life (1976) (performer: “Kabhi Kabhie”, “Main Pal Do Pal Ka”, “Main Har Ek Pal Ka”)
8. Dharam Karam (1975) (performer: “Ek din bik jaayega”, “No ho bas mein tere kuchh bhi maana”, “Tere ham safar geet hain”)
9. Chhoti Si Baat (1975) (performer: “yeh din kya aaye”)
10. Roti Kapada Aur Makaan (1974) (performer: “Main Na Bhoolunga” (part 1), “Mehangai Maar Gayi”, “Main Na Bhoolunga” (part 2))
11. Kahani Kismat Ki (1973) (performer: “Kahani Kismat Ki”)
12. Annadata (1972) (performer: “Nain Hamare”)
13. Be-Imaan (1972) (performer: “Jai Bolo Be-Imaan Ki”, “Yeh Raakhi Bandhan Hai Aesa”)
14. Gora Aur Kala (1972) (performer: “Ek to mera mastana shabaab”, “Dheere dheere bol”)
15. Shor (1972) (performer: “Ek Pyar Ka Nagma Hai”, “Ek Pyar Ka Nagma Hai” (sad version), “Pani Re Pani”)
16. Anand (1971) (performer: “Kahin door jab din dhal jaaye”, “Maine tere liye hi saat rang ke sapne”)
17. Aansoo Aur Muskan (1970) (performer: “Moti Jaisa Rang Ang Mein”)
18. Kati Patang (1970) (performer: “Jis gali mein tera ghar na ho baalma”)
19. Mera Naam Joker (1970) (performer: “Jeena Yahaan Marna Yahaan Iske Siva Jaana Kahaan”, “Teetar Ke Do Aage Teetar Teetar Ke Do Peechhe Teetar”, “Daag Na Lag Jaaye Hai Kahin Daag Na Lag Jaaye”, “Jaane Kahaan Gaye Woh Din”, “Kal Khel Mein Ham Ho Na Ho”)
20. My Love (1970) (performer: “Zikr Jab Hoti Hai Qayamat Ka”, “Woh Tere Pyar Ka Gham, Ek Bahana Tha Sanam”)
21. Pehchan (1970) (performer: “Sabse Bada Nadan”)
22. Purab Aur Pachhim (1970) (performer: “Koi Jab Tumhara Hriday Tod De”)
23. Vishwas (1969) (performer: “Chandi Ki Deewar Na Todi Pyar Bhara Dil Tod Diya”)
24. Suhag Raat (1968) (performer: “Khush Raho Har Khushi Hai Tumhare Liye”)
25. Milan (1967) (performer: “Sawan Ka Mahina”, “Bol Goro Bol Tera Kaun Pyar”, “Ram kare aisa ho jaye”, “Hum tum yug yug se”, “Bol gori bol tera”, “Mubarak ho sabako”)
26. Upkar (1967) (performer: “Deewanon Se Yeh Mat Poochho”)
27. Ishaara (1964) (performer: “Chal Meri Dil”)
28. Sangam (1964/I) (performer: “O mere sanam O mere sanam”, “Dost dost na raha, pyaar pyaar na raha”, “Bol radha bol sangam hoga ki nahin”, “O mehbooba O mehbooba”, “Har dil jo pyaar karega woh gaana gaayega”)
29. Akeli Mat Jaiyo (1963) (performer: “Chal Chal Chal Mere Dil”)
30. Bandini (1963) (performer: “O jaanewaale ho sake toh laut ke aana”)
31. Bluff Master (1963) (performer: “Socha Tha Hum Pyar Na Karenge Surat Pe Hum Yaar”)
32. Dil Hi To Hai (1963) (performer: “Dil Hi To Hai”, “Tum Agar Mujhko Na Chaacho To Koi Baat Nahin”, “Gusse Mein Jo Nikhara Hai Husn Suhanna”, “Tumhari Mast Nazar Gar Idhar Nahin Hoti”, “Bhule Se Mohabbat Kar Baitha Nada Tha Bichara”)
33. Phool Bane Angarey (1963) (performer: “Chand Aahen Bharega”)
34. Neeli Aankhen (1962) (performer: “Aye Mere Jaan-E-Wafa”)
35. Prem Patra (1962) (performer: “Do Ankhiyan Jhuki Jhuki”)
36. Junglee (1961) (performer: “Nain Tumhare (Mere Yaar)”)
37. Mem-Didi (1961) (performer: “Main Janti Hoon, Tum Jhoot Bolte Ho”)
38. Sasural (1961) (performer: “Jaana Tumhaara Pyaar Mein Shaitaan Ban Gaye”, “Sataale Ae Jahaan”)
39. Bombai Ka Babu (1960) (performer: “Chal Ri Sajni Ab Kya Soche”)
40. Chandramukhi (1960) (performer: “Nain Ka Chain Churakar”)
41. Chhalia (1960) (performer: “Dum Dum Diga Diga”, “Chhalia Mera Naam”)
42. Ek Phool Char Kaante (1960) (performer: “Sambhal Ke Karna Jo Bhi Karna, Nazuk Haathonwale”, “Aankhon Mein Rang Kyon Aaya”, “Matwali Naar Thumak Thumak Chali Jaye”)
43. Hum Hindustani (1960) (performer: “Raat Nikhri Hui”)
44. Mera Ghar Mere Bachche (1960) (performer: “Ek Tum Nahin To”)
45. Saranga (1960) (performer: “Saranga Teri Yaad Mein”)
46. Anari (1959) (performer: “Sab Kuchh Seekha”, “Kisi Ki Muskurahaton Pe”)
47. Chhoti Bahen (1959) (performer: “Jaaun Kahaan Bata Ae Dil”)
48. Kanhaiya (1959) (performer: “Ruk Ja O Janewali”)
49. Khoobsurat Dhokha (1959) (performer: “Yeh Jawani Yeh Haseen Raat”)
50. Madhumati (1958) (performer: “Suhaana Safar”, “Dil Tadap Tadap Ke”)
51. Parvarish (1958) (performer: “Aansoo Bhari Hain”)
52. Yahudi (1958) (performer: “Yeh Mera Dewanapan Hai”)
53. Rani Rupmati (1957) (performer: “Aa Laut Ke Aaja Mere Meet”)
54. Anuraag (1956) (music: “Kise Yaad Rakhoon”) (performer: “Kise Yaad Rakhoon”)
55. Jagte Raho (1956) (performer: “zindagi khwaab hai khwaab mein jhooT hai kya”)
56. Aah (1953) (performer: “Aaja re ab mera dil pukaara”, “Sunte the naam ham”, “Jo main jaanti unke liye jaane na nazar”, “Chhotsi yeh zindgaani re chaar din ki”)
57. Shisham (1952) (performer: “Satayega Kise Tu Aasmaan”)
58. Aaram (1951) (performer: “Ae Jaan-E-Jigar”)
59. Afsana (1951) (performer: “Kismat Bigdi”)
60. Awaara (1951) (performer: “Awara Hoon”)
61. Humlog (1951) (performer: “Dil Ki Pareshaniyan”)
62. Malhar (1951) (performer: “Tara Toote Duniya Dekhe”)
63. Aankhen (1950) (performer: “Preet Laga Ke”)
64. Bawre Nain (1950) (performer: “Teri Duniya Mein Dil Lagta Nahin”)
65. Beqasoor (1950) (performer: “Khabar kisi ko nahin”)
66. Hamari Beti (1950) (performer: “Mohabbat Bhi Jhoothi”)
67. Barsaat (1949) (performer: “Chhod gaye baalam mujhe hai”)
68. Andaz (1949) (performer: “Jhoom Jhoom Ke Nacho Aaj”, “Hum Aaj Kahin Dil Kho Baithe”, “Tu Kahe Agar”, “Toote Na Dil Toote Na”)
69. Lekh (1949) (performer: “Lut Gaya Din Raat”)
70. Anokha Pyar (1948) (performer: “Jeevan Sapna Toot Gaya”)
71. Mela (1948) (performer: “Main Bhanwara Too Hai Phool”, “Aayi Sawan Rut”, “Mera Dil Todne Wale”, “Gaye Ja Meet Milan Ke”)
72. Vidya (1948) (performer: “Bahe Na Kabhi Nain”)
73. Pahali Nazar (1945) (performer: “Dil Jalta Hai”)
74. Nirdosh (1941/I) (performer: “Dil Hi Ho Bujha Hua To”)

Actor:

1. Dulhan (1974)
2. Anuraag (1956)
3. Aah (1953)
4. Mashooka (1953)
5. Nirdosh (1941/I)

Producer:

1. Anuraag (1956) (producer)
2. Malhar (1951) (producer)

Composer:

1. Anuraag (1956)

Nomination And Awards
Year Result Award Category/Recipient(s)
1977 Won Filmfare Award Best Playback Singer – Male
for: Kabhi Kabhie – Love Is Life (1976)
For the song “Kabhi kabhie mere dil mein”.
1973 Won Filmfare Award Best Playback Singer – Male
for: Be-Imaan (1972)
For the song “Jai bolo”.
1971 Won Filmfare Award Best Playback Singer – Male
for: Pehchan (1970)
For the song “Sabse bada nadan”.
1960 Won Filmfare Award Best Playback Singer – Male
for: Anari (1959)
For the song “Sab kuch seekha humne”.

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